The People of the State of New York v. Marie Garcia, 28 October 1913 (Case 1771)
James Mack, an attorney for Marie Garcia, appeals against his client’s conviction for violating the Tenement House Act. William Jones, a police officer, had previously testified at trial that Garcia, 22, a recent immigrant from Spain, had demanded $20 from him on August 30, 1913, for sexual intercourse with a second woman, Evelyn Noe, in a tenement house at 245 West 51st Street. The magistrate, Henry Herbert, had found Garcia guilty and had committed her to the city workhouse for six months. The appeal claimed that, because the trial had commenced before a different magistrate (who had subsequently retired from the court), the conviction was invalid. The attorney, James Mack, also claimed that only one witness, the police officer, had testified against Garcia; that there was no corroborating evidence; that the defendant, Garcia, had not said or done anything improper; and that sexual intercourse had not occurred. The judge, Thomas Crain, denied the appeal and sustained the original verdict and sentence.
The People v. Belle Moore, 18 May 1910 (Case 1169)
Belle Moore, an African-American woman in her early thirties, is charged under Section 2460 of the Penal Code with “procuring women for immoral purposes”. The maximum punishment is imprisonment for five years and a fine of one thousand dollars. George A. Miller, a special investigator for the District Attorney’s office, testifies that he paid the defendant $150 for two girls, both younger than eighteen, to travel to Seattle to work in a brothel. The defense argues that Miller entrapped the defendant into violating the law. The jury renders a verdict of guilty. The judge sentences the defendant to not less than thirty months and not more than five years in prison.
The People of the State of New York v. Morris Goldberg, 08 September 1915 (Case 2098)
Morris Goldberg, 37, is indicted for knowingly accepting the earnings of a woman engaged in prostitution. May Harris and Fay Smith testify that they had worked as prostitutes out of Sam Vigretti’s saloon on Second Avenue and 97th Street. Harris claims that Goldberg compelled her to give him her earnings; Goldberg denies that he ever knew she was a prostitute. It is a hung jury.